If you trade in some business equipment that was used 100 percent for business, in exchange for new business equipment of the same asset category, the transaction will not be a taxable event because it will be treated as a "like-kind exchange."
However, the tax basis of the new equipment will be equivalent to the adjusted basis of the old equipment, plus any additional cash you paid for the new equipment. This tax basis represents the maximum amount you can claim as depreciation for the item, for tax purposes.
If you trade in a vehicle that was used partly for business and acquire another vehicle that will be used in your business, you must use the following computation to determine the depreciable tax basis of the replacement vehicle, assuming that the old vehicle was acquired after June 18, 1984. (If the vehicle was acquired before that date, consult your tax advisor for the proper method to use.)
The basis for figuring depreciation for the replacement vehicle is:
|Cost of old car||$9,000|
|Less: depreciation claimed||7,200|
|Adjusted basis of old car||$1,800|
|Plus: additional amount paid||19,500|
|Depreciation assuming 100 percent business use||$9,000|
|Less: depreciation actually allowable||7,200||1,800|
|Adjusted basis of new car||$19,500|