In the context of business loans, a long-term loan is a loan that will be
paid back over a period longer than a year. Long-term loans are normally
secured, first, by the new asset(s) purchased, then by other unencumbered
physical assets of the business or, failing that, from additional funds from
shareholders or personal guarantees from the principals. The percentage interest
rate normally remains constant for the term of the loan. Each payment of
principal reduces the balance of principal remaining and the subsequent interest
is calculated on this reducing balance.